Charonton, Enguerrand

(Enguerrand Quarton; c. 1420-1466)
   French painter from Laon who moved to Southern France in 1444 where he was active in Aix-en-Provence, Arles, and Avignon. From the banker Pierre Cadard, Charonton received the commission to paint the Virgin of Mercy (1452; Chantilly, Musée Condé) for the Celestine Convent of Avignon. In the work, executed in collaboration with Pierre Villate of Limoges, members of the clergy and monarchy kneel under the protection of the Virgin's open mantle. Saints John the Baptist and John the Evangelist recommend Cadard's parents—Jean, the physician to Charles Vl's children, and his wife, Jeanne des Moulins—who kneel in prayer at either side. Charonton also painted the Coronation of the Virgin (1454; Villeneuve-lès-Avignon, Musée de l'Hospice) for the Church of the Carthusians in Villeneuve-lès-Avignon. Below the main scene is a crucifixion flanked by the cities of Jerusalem and Rome and angels who carry the souls of the blessed up to heaven, with the donor, the priest Jean de Montagnac, at the foot of the cross. On the lowest portion of the painting are depictions of purgatory and hell. The most striking aspects of Charonton's work are the aesthetic appeal of the Virgin, the use of brilliant colors, the hierarchic placement of the figures, and the clear organization of the complex scene.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • Charonton, Enguerrand — ▪ French painter Charonton also spelled  Charrenton, or Quarton   born c. 1410, Laon, France; fl. 1444–66, Provence    French religious painter of the late Gothic period, famous for his “Coronation of the Virgin.”       Charonton is one of the… …   Universalium

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  • Enguerrand Quarton — Naissance 1412 Laon, France Décès 1466 Avignon, État pontifical Nationalité Français …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Enguerrand Quarton — or Charonton (c. 1410 c. 1466) was a French painter and manuscript illuminator whose few surviving works are among the first masterpieces of a distinctively French style, very different from either Italian or Early Netherlandish painting. Six… …   Wikipedia

  • Enguerrand Quarton — Pieta de Villeneuve, Frankreich, um 1455 Enguerrand Quarton, auch genannt Enguerrand Charrenton (* 1412 oder 1415 in Laon; † 1466 in Avignon) war ein französischer Maler und Buchmaler des sp …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Quarton, Enguerrand — (known from 1444 1466)    painter    Enguerrand Quarton (also Charonton, Charreton, or Charton) worked in Aix en Provence (1444) and settled in Avignon in 1447. Two works that contributed to defining the Provençal style are attributed to him with …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

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